Gold has been on a bull run since it bottomed at 1,125 last December, one day after the Fed Meeting. Gold made its first run from 1,125 to 1,220, up 95 dollars, then pulled back and made its local bottom at 1,180. The run resumed then and topped at 1,247 on Feb 8th. It closed at 1247.60 on March 1, 2017.
Bubble size represents market cap
FIGURE 1: PERFORMANCE OF GOLD MINERS
Description: Figure 1 highlights the performance of the gold mining industry for the month of February 2017 (x-axis) and the performance of the 11 months prior to February 2017.
After five years of painful belt-tightening, the world’s biggest gold miners are starting to cautiously loosen their purse strings and spend more money to find new deposits and build mines. Many top miners said they have made it through the worst of a draining effort to slash costs and bloated debt loads. The austerity measures came as the industry’s high-priced acquisition spree was followed by a slide in bullion prices in the four years through 2015.
Several miners said this week that they have hiked budgets for exploration, construction and expansion projects. For the first time in at least four years, Barrick Gold Corp lifted its exploration budget, saying it will spend $185-$225 million this year, a sizeable jump from $132 million in 2016. Gold miners have excess cash to spend and most likely not all of it is going to pay off interest and pay down debt. We’ll see excess cash flow toward growing and sustaining their businesses.
Meanwhile, top executives are on the hunt for mergers and acquisitions. The industry has been quiet for the past three years, but now gold miners can’t stop using the word: growth. The trouble is the industry has a bad history when it comes to dealmaking. In the China-led commodity boom, the entire mining industry spent heavily on deals and big projects that soured when metals prices later collapsed. Companies wrote off close to $100 billion between 2011 and 2016.
This signals a dramatic shift in strategy from recent years, when the biggest priority was to survive the downturn in metals prices by cutting costs and paying down debt. As a result, less money went into exploration and existing operations. Due to fewer and smaller discoveries, reduced mine life and a lower gold price since 2013, the amount of economically viable gold in the world is declining.
Nevertheless, AngloGold Ashanti, the world’s third-largest producer, said there’s still room for the company to grow organically. It’s investing in brownfields projects, or areas near existing mines, in Tanzania, Brazil, Guinea and the Democratic Republic of Congo, rather than buying up other companies, according to CEO Srinivasan Venkatakrishnan.
One thing is for sure, as the industry grows hungry for assets, as any new assets come up for sale, there will be a feeding frenzy and the prices on these assets are going to be formidable.
Paul Leonardi is the Duca Family Professor of Technology Management at UC Santa Barbara. He holds appointments in the Technology Management Program (TMP) and the Department of Communication. He is also the Investment Group of Santa Barbara Founding Director of the Master of Technology Management Program.
Dr. Leonardi’s research, teaching, and consulting focus on helping companies to create and share knowledge more effectively. He is interested in how implementing new technologies and harnessing the power of informal social networks can help companies take advantage of their knowledge assets to create innovative products and services.
He has authored dozens of articles that have appeared in top journals across the fields of management, organization studies, communication studies, and information systems research. He is also the author of three books on innovation and organizational change. He has won major awards for his research from the Academy of Management, the American Sociological Association, the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation, the Association for Information Systems, the International Communication Association, the National Communication Association, and the National Science Foundation.
Over the past decade, he has consulted with for-profit and non-profit organizations about how to improve communication between departments, how to use social technologies to improve internal knowledge sharing, how to structure global product development operations, and how to manage the human aspects of new technology implementation.
Before coming to UCSB, Dr. Leonardi worked at Northwestern University on the faculties of the School of Communication, the McCormick School of Engineering, and the Kellogg School of Management. He received his Ph.D. in Management Science and Engineering from the Center for Work, Technology, and Organization at Stanford University.
Willem Buhrmann is an experienced mining professional that has extensive African and international experience in project management, strategy implementation and corporate finance. Willem was previously Business Development Manager (Africa) for Rio Tinto Energy and more recently consulted to the wider mining industry including majors and a variety of juniors. He holds degrees in finance (Chartered Accountant) and the legal world (LL.B.)